An employee's performance appraisal provides a regular opportunity for line managers and employees to review the employee’s performance and set objectives for the future.
The performance appraisal is a key part of the wider framework of a performance management system which includes regular one-to-ones and and frequent reviews. Regular feedback and appraisals will help the employee to feel engaged with your company and the tasks they're required to do.
What is an employee performance appraisal?
A performance appraisal is usually a more formal meeting an employee would have with their line manager, reviewing their performance over a set period of time, e.g. 6 months or the past year.
The appraisal meeting needs to be structured in a way which encourages an open and honest discussion. The focus needs to be on evidence of performance, rather than personal opinions.
The discussion should lean towards positivity, placing an emphasis on the employee’s development and encouraging personal growth.
Here are some tips for before, during and after performance appraisals to help them run as efficiently as possible:
Actions to take before the performance appraisal
Make notes well in advance
Preparation for the meeting in advance can go a long way. Being able to recall notes made earlier on in the year is very helpful when commenting on overall performance throughout the year.
Give your team enough notice
At least two weeks is usually considered fair notice for an upcoming performance appraisal, to allow employees to prepare.
Provide employees with self-assessment forms
Self-assessment forms can act as a prompt to get employees thinking about their strengths, and what they could perhaps do better. Invite them to think about any barriers to their performance, their plans for future work and any training & development that could be useful .
Ideally, these forms should be used as a tool to get the employee thinking about their own development, rather than being the sole focus of the appraisal.
Find a suitable environment
Somewhere comfortable, private and distraction-free is the ideal space to hold an appraisal. Tea and biscuits are also very favourable.
Block out enough time
You don't want to rush an appraisal - give yourself and the employee time to cover everything you both want to. Ensure you're allowing at least an hour, plus time for wrapping up.
Plan and structure the meeting
Every appraisal will look different, but having a clear structure to the meeting will help everyone to stay on track.
During the performance appraisal
Encourage your employee to share
Ask questions that draw out the employee's reactions and ideas. Leading questions or questions which only require a 'yes' or 'no' response should be avoided. Let your employee lead and explain what their biggest wins or challenges have been, and go from there.
Make sure your employee feels at ease
Begin the meeting as you would any other meeting or one-to-one, by asking how your team member is doing. It's always a good idea to start with your employees' strong points and place emphasis on good work already done.
Discuss strengths and weaknesses
If there are areas of performance that need to be improved, then these need to be discussed openly. Try to let the employee lead and acknowledge their own weaknesses if possible. You might find this is an easier conversation.
Talk about development opportunities
Don't raise any concerns not previously discussed
There should be no surprises during the appraisal. If you have had any concerns about an incident or performance during the year, this should ideally have been raised at another time (e.g. at the time of occurrence).
Set 'SMART' objectives
SMART goals stands for Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Relevant & Time-based.
This is important, as it will help both you and your employee to monitor progress accurately and stay focused on deadlines & expectations.
Good opportunity to discuss salary
The annual performance appraisal is often a good time to discuss a raise in salary or promotion opportunities, if either party should want to.
What to do after a performance appraisal
Hopefully you’ve been taking notes during the meeting? Your employee needs to own the objectives and goals you’ve set together so make sure they’re clear
Provide written feedback
Whether on old fashioned paper or electrically, let your employee see your notes and be able to take them away.
Discuss any next steps
Whether this relates to learning & development or training plans, provide details of what will happen next. If there have unfortunately been any disagreements, then make sure your employee knows what the next steps are, too.
Book in the next appraisal meeting
Whenever you both decide this needs to be, make sure it’s in the diary.
Author: Aimée Brougham-Chandler
An IDM-certified Digital Copywriter as of February 2023, Aimée is Breathe's Content Assistant. With a passion for guiding readers to solutions for their HR woes, she enjoys delving into & demystifying all things HR: From employee performance to health and wellbeing, leave to company culture & much more.